THE NIGHT OF POWER
LAILATUL- QADR or (Shabe-Qadr)
Shab-e qadar means the night of decree. This is that night of the year when ALLAH swt decides upon the matters of the universe till the next year’s shab-e qadar. This night comes in Ramadan and one has to find the night from the last 5 odd nights of Ramadan.
There is present a grave misconception about the qadar night among the muslims. Many of them think that it is the night of 15th shaban and they spend that night invoking ALLAH keeping in mind their qadar, which is wrong. Invoking ALLAH is good but invoking ALLAH for the qadar on the night which is not present or proved from shariah is innovation and act of bidah. Anyway, coming to the topic, the night of qadar is to be found by the believers themselves.
There are two places in Quran where ALLAH swt HIMSELF talks about the night of decree. Once in surah ad-dukhan and once in surah qadar.
In surah ad-dukhan ALLAH swt says;
Surah ad-dukhan 44: 2-6
“By the Book that makes things clear;- We sent it down during a Blessed Night: for We [ever] wish to warn [against Evil]. In the [Night] is made distinct every affair of wisdom, By command, from Our Presence. For We [ever] send [revelations], As Mercy from thy Lord: for He hears and knows [all things];”
Here, ALLAH swt talks about the night when HE decides on the matters of the world for the next year and this is the same night when Quran was started reveling on Muhammad s.a.w.w. this is the evidence of shab-e qadar from surah ad dukhan and this proves that the claimants of innovation of shab-e birat are wrong.
The second place where shab-e qadar has been discussed in detail is surah qadar from chapter 30th. In this surah, the night has been described in detail about its blessings and the reward associated with this night.
Surah qadar 97:1-5
1. We have indeed revealed this [Message] in the Night of Power:
2. And what will explain to thee what the night of power is?
3. The Night of Power is better than a thousand months.
4. Therein come down the angels and the Spirit by Allah’s permission, on every errand:
5. Peace! … This until the rise of morning!
So, from the above mentioned surah, we see that the night of adar comes in the blessed month of Ramadan and all the matters are decided in this blessed night. Thus we have to stand in the last five odd nights of Ramadan to invoke AlLAH especially for qadar.
There are many sayngs of Muhammad s.a.w.w concerning the night of aqadar. Few of them are given belo, from these traditions we can actually learn in more detail, the benefits and blessings of qadar.
Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith 3.125
Narrated byAbu Huraira
The Prophet said, “Whoever established prayers on the night of Qadr out of sincere faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven; and whoever fasts in the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.”
Al-Tirmidhi, Hadith 1964
Narrated byAnas ibn Malik
Anas told of Allah`s Messenger (peace be upon him) saying when Ramadan began, “This month has come to you, and it contains a night which is better than a thousand months. He who is deprived of it is deprived of all good, but only those who are denied prosperity are deprived of it.”
Thus, by losing the worship in the night of qadar means the one who lost it is deprived of prosperity.
Sahih Al-Bukhari, Hadith 3.234
Narrated by Aisha
Allah`s Apostle said, “Search for the Night of Qadr in the odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadan.”
Sahih Al-Bukhari , Hadith 3.235
Narrated by Abu Said Al Khudri
The Messenger of Allah (saws) used to practice Itikaf (in the mosque) in the middle third of Ramadan and after passing the twenty nights he used to go back to his house on the 21st, and the people who were in Itikaf with him, also used to go back to their houses. Once in Ramadan, in which he practiced Itikaf, he established the night prayers at the night in which he used to return home, and then he addressed the people and ordered them whatever Allah wished him to order and said, “I used to practice Itikaf for these ten days (i.e. the middle third) but now I intend to stay in Itikaf for the last ten days (of the month); so whoever was in Itikaf with me should stay at his place of seclusion. I have verily been shown (the date of) this Night (of Qadr) but I have forgotten it. So search for it in the odd nights of the last ten days (of this month).”
Al-Tirmidhi , Hadith 98 Narrated by Abu Hurayrah
Malik narrated from Hisham ibn Urwa from his father, that the Messenger of Allah (saws), said, “Search for Laylat al-Qadr in the last ten days of Ramadan.”
The exact date of this blessed night is not known to us, in a way it is hidden from us and in a way it is known to us, why is the exact date hidden from us is not known to anybody except ALLAH swt but what we can do is to avail the information communicated to us by Muhammad s.a.w.w and we should avail this chance to invoke ALLAH with sincere efforts.
It’s Significant To Us:
One of the most distinctive aspects of the month of Ramadhan is that it includes lailatul qadr (the night of power), which is the most blessed night of the year. This is that very night in which Allah Ta’ala chose to reveal the Holy Quran upon our beloved Rasool (s.a.w.). This is also the night wherein Allah decides the destiny, sustenance, birth, and death etc. for His creation. It is mentioned in the Holy Quran that this night is better than a thousand months (83 years & four months) as Allah himself speaks:
The IMPORTANT SIGNIFICANCE
“The night of al qadr is better than a thousand months.” (verse 3 Surah Al Qadr).
This means the worship performed in this night brings more reward than that worship carried out for the period of a thousand months.
In the authentic teachings of Rasoolullah (s.a.w.), it is mentioned that Allah Ta’ala showers his special mercy in this night towards the inhabitants of the earth, accepts the duaas made by his servants and forgives all those people who repent sincerely, as Rasoolullah (s.a.w.) has stated in a hadith
“Whosoever stood up in front of Allah on the night of qadr with Iman and true conviction of attaining reward from Allah, in return, Allah will forgive all his previous sins.” (Muslim)
According to authentic sources lailatul qadr falls in any one of the last five odd nights of Ramadhan i.e. 21, 23, 25, 27 and 29th alternating each year, as we are told in the hadith related by Ibne Umar (r.a.), Rasoolullah (s.a.w.) said ” …and, search for lailatul qadr in the odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadhan.”
WHAT SHOULD WE BE DOING IN THIS NIGHT?
In this night a person should make worship of Allah Ta’ala exclusively, even though there is no special form of worship prescribed for this night. One can engage in the offering of nafl prayers as much as possible or in supplications, in the recitation of the Holy Quran or by any other good deed, which is not contrary to the Shariyyah.
Since this is the night wherein Allah sends his special blessings from the heavens upon the earth, being so blessed that even the angels from the heavens descend upon the earth and convey salaams to every believer as it is narrated on the authority of Ibne Abbas, that Rasool (s.a.w.) had said, “…all those angels who are stationed by the sidratul muntaha (lote tree of the utmost boundary beyond which none can pass) descend with the angel Jibraeel (a.s) to the earth and there remains no male or female believers whom they do not convey salaams to, exempting the person who drinks liquor or consumes pork”. (Bukhari & Muslim).
Verily, one who does not derive benefit, and does not value this golden opportunity for the worship of Allah Ta’ala is a sign of total ignorance. This is the reason why Rasoolullah (s.a.w.) has stated
“The person who deprives himself from the blessings of Lailatul qadr, indeed has deprived himself of all good and none other than an ignorant person is deprived from such good.” (Ibne Majah).
Considering this hadith, we should attempt to spare some time for the worship of Allah Ta’ala on this auspicious night.
The most profound way to derive benefit from the blessings of this night, is to stay awake for the whole night and spend it in prayers, but people who cannot do so, for any reason, should at least spare a reasonable portion of the night for Allah. Some rakaahs should be offered in the least, after midnight as tahajjud, the Quran should be recited, duaas be made, and any form of zhikr should be constantly uttered.
Once, the beloved wife Aiysha (r.a.) inquired from Rasoolullah (s.a.w.) as to what duaa should be made on the lailatul qadr, upon this Rasoolullah (s.a.w.) taught her the following duaa ” Oh, Allah you are surely most forgiving and merciful, you love forgiving, so do forgive me.”
WHAT SHOULD WE NOT BE DOING IN THIS NIGHT?
We should also keep in mind that this night is meant for developing a special connection and bond with one’s creator, this is a night for devoting oneself to Allah Ta’ala with one’s soul & heart. It is seldom that this purpose be achieved in congregations & assemblies. This is the reason why it is not advisable to hold ceremonies or deliver lengthy talks and lectures or illuminate the mosques. Rasoolullah (s.a.w.) never tended to celebrate this night through lectures, meetings, gatherings, distribution of food or even by offering prayers in congregation, rather he used to individually perform acts of worship in solitude.
Indeed the blessings of our Lord are innumerable, but fortunate are those who reap them and regard them as significant.
Bismillah Hirrehman NirRaheem!!!
In the name of ALLAH, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful:
The Golden Moments in the life of a Muslim:
ALLAH Unveils the Golden Moments:
“WE HAVE INDEED REVEALED THE QURAN IN THE NIGHT OF POWER:
AND WHAT WILL EXPLAIN TO YOU WHAT THE NIGHT OF POWER IS!
THE NIGHT OF POWER IS BETTER THAN A THOUSAND MONTHS.
THEREIN COME DOWN THE ANGELS AND SPIRIT BY THE PERMISSION
OF THEIR LORD (ON EVERY ERRAND):
(THE NIGHT IS FULL OF ) PEACE UNTIL THE RISE OF MORN!”
–AL-QURAN, Chapter 97.
The Prophet (sal-lal-laho alaihe wa sallam) said:
“ A MONTH HAS COME TO YOU IN WHICH THERE IS A NIGHT WHICH IS BETTER THAN A THOUSAND MONTHS. Whoever deprives himself of its blessings, is deprived of all blessings.
And none is deprived of the blessings of the Night of Power except the most unfortunate”.
This loving command and caution should make us become intensely serious and sincere in striving to attain the blessings of Laylatul Qadr.
The word Qadr means:
Worth, Position, Status, Esteem, Power, Glory, Decree, Measure, Strenth, Fate, Ability.
Laylatul Qadr would mean:
1. The Night of Worth, the Night worth spending in ibadah, the Night
bringing immense worth to the worshippers.
2. The Night of Position, the Night upholding distinguished position.
3. The Night of Status, the Night bringing enviable status to the Muslims.
4. The Night of Esteem, the Night bestowing esteem upon those who care.
5. The Night of Power, the Night bestowing power upon the worshippers,
the powerful night that saw the revelations of the Holy Quran, the Book
that bestows power to those who value it.
6. The Night of Glory, the glorious Night that brings glosry to Muslims.
7. The Night of Decree, the Night is which destiny is re-written by Al Qadir
( the Able).
8. The Night of Strength, the Night giving strength to the worshippers.
Virtues of Laylatul Qadr
Prophet Mohammed (pbAuh) said:
Whoever stands up for the Laylatul Qadr with firmness of belief and stock
taking of his deeds than all his past sins are forgiven.
Striving hard & straining ones’s nerves :
Prophet Mohammed ( sal-lal-laho-alaihe-wa-sallam) did not specify a particular nightto be Laylatul Qadr.
By saying, “Seek Laylatul Qadr among the odd nights during the last ten nights of Ramadan”, the Prophet ( sal-lal-laho-alaihe-wa-sallam) has kept it a secret.
· Herein lies a Muslim’s thrill. A sublime thrill in striving to live the nights in worship and glorification of the Lord Almighty!
· The whole concept is to nurture the fact that if one wishes to aim higher up in ranks in the world and the hereafter, such need to strive hard, by these blessed ways of worship.
· Precious things cant’ be attained just by casual means, one has to strive and struggle, hard for them.
· By supplicating to Allah, in the night of Laylatul Qadr one must pray:
“ALLAH-HUMMA-INNAKA-AFFU-UN, TUHIB-BUL-AFWA, FAFU ANNI”
“O ALLAH! YOU ARE FORGIVING, YOU LOVE TO FORGIVE, SO FORGIVE ME”.
LAYLAT-UL-QADR : THE NIGHT OF DECREE:
Narrated “Abdullah: The Prophet said,
“Abusing a Muslim is Fusuq (an evil doing) and killing him is Kufr (disbelief).”
Narrated ‘Ubada bin As-Samit:
“Allah’s Apostle went out to inform the people abou the (date of the ) night of decree ( Al-Qadr) but there happened a quarrel between two Muslim men. The Prophet said.
“ I came out to inform you about (the date of)
The night of Al-Qadr, but as so and so and so and so quarreled, its knowledge was taken away ( I forgot it) and maybe it was better for you.
Now look for it in the 7th, 9th and the 5th (of the last 10 nights of the Holy Month of Ramadan).” –
Bukhari (Book no. 2, Hadith no. 46.)
The Messenger of ALLAH ( peace and blessings of Allah, be upon him) said:
“WHOEVER SPENDS LAYLAT-AL-QADR IN PRAYERS OUT OF FAITH AND IN THE HOPE OF REWARD WILL BE FORGIVEN HIS, ALL HIS PREVIOUS SINS. — Hadith.
Md. Shafiq Mohiuddin, ARTURE MsM, Architect,